COWASH-hanke on vuosina 2011-2020 toimiva Suomen ja Etiopian hallitusten välinen kehistysyhteistyöhanke, joka tukee vesi- ja sanitaatioprojektien toteuttamista soveltaen yhteisövetoista lähetymistapaa (CMP) viidessa osavaltiossa ja 76 kunnassa. Tämä innovatiivinen toimintamalli on kehitetty Suomen rahoittamissa vesihankkeissa 2000-luvulla. Mallin mukaan paikalliset yhteisöt tai koulut ja terveysasemat hakevat rahoitustukea oman vesipisteen tai käymälän rakentamiseen ja vastaavat itse oman vesihuoltonsa rakennuttamisesta, hankinnoista ja hallinnoinnista. Tältä sivulta löydät tietoa suomeksi COWASH-hankkeesta ja CMP-lähestymistavasta. 


Community Managed Projects

This website provides information on the Community Managed Project (CMP) approach to rural water supply and institutional sanitation in Ethiopia. The approach includes important innovations in financing, putting communities at the centre of development and enabling government to support faster delivery of new services to more people. The approach is currently supported through Community-Led Accelerated WASH (COWASH) project that runs in 2011-2020. COWASH is to contribute to the achievement of universal access to WASH in rural WASH and it is currently supporting the implementation of CMP in 76 districts in rural Ethiopia.

Latest COWASH Brochures can be downloaded from here:

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CMP process experience from Basona Warena Woreda

The Community Managed Project implementation modality addresses the demand of speeding up the development of sustainable rural WASH services. CMP delivers on integrated, participatory and decentralised approaches by enabling communities or institutions to initiate, plan, implement and manage their own WASH projects. In order to build community capacity, ownership, transparency & accountability and ensure sustainability of the projects the approach has its own distinct processes. Each step is important in achieving the results of sustainable project. Each step is equally important and non- skippable. Read more on this from here:

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Story on private sector development (Artisans) in COWASH

In COWASH, Artisans training is part and parcel of the CMP project for many reasons. First and foremost to create job opportunity in WASH sector with involvement of the private sector. Secondly to ensure sustainability of COWASH constructed water schemes through a local capacity available at the community level. Now, there are different types of private sectors involvement in Community-Led Accelerated WASH (COWASH) project. One of the approaches is the use of artisans in the construction of water schemes and institutional latrines. There are very few artisans trained by other WASH projects in Ethiopia. However, in COWASH, Artisans training is one of the key deliverables to meet the project objectives.  Read whole article from here:

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New CMP Doctor (PhD)

Second CMP Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) Candidate; Dr Fekadu Megersa, Oromia Regional Support Unit team member and a leader in the Making. 

See photos and whole story also in 

Community Managed Project (CMP) is our approach in Community Led Accelerated Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (COWASH) project. Capacity Development is the pillar and cornerstone of our Project. This is no different when it comes to building the capacity of individual staff, partners or people in the academia in the wider Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Sector. A good example to note is the case story of the former Academician and the current Water Development Commission, Commissioner, Dr. Beshah Mogesse, who was a pioneer CMP assisted Doctor of Philosophy, (PhD).

Dr Fekadu Megersa is a valuable member of the COWASH Regional Support Unit team in Oromia and a second graduate in Doctor of Philosophy within COWASH. He works as Capacity Building Specialist. He is very talented and enthusiastic and hardworking COWASH RSU staff.  Some years back he got a chance to study in School of Economics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China for his PhD. At the time, he had not enough money for his studies, so he had to study and work simultaneously. However, he got strong support from his employee, Oromia Water Bureau, from his colleagues, friends and family. He feels everybody contributed to him and for his studies for which Dr Fekadu is humbly grateful and thankful. It took him 3 and half years, sleeping only few hours during night, and several short and expensive trips to China and finally he was able to present his dissertation on “Project Implementation Management Modalities, Households Tariff Contribution and Sustainability Outcomes of Rural Water Supply Services: Insights from Rural Areas in Ethiopia”. He got AAB score for his research from three professors. This is remarkable achievement in such circumstances.

Dr. Fekadu further succeeded to make his publication in one of the top ranked Journal list of SSCI (Social Science Citation Index). He did his study and research work outstandingly and was therefore awarded academic excellence award, not usual for foreign students. Due to his excellent performance, he was offered a post-doctorate job with good pay. Guess what? He declined this offer and decided to come back to his home country to work with COWASH in the Oromia Water Bureau. Unusual decision as in most cases these kinds of offers are hard to reject. But this young man decided to return back home and work for CMP, for his people with lots of new research and development ideas in his mind. How lucky COWASH is to get him back again.

As Fekadu’s dissertations focused on CMP, we have now a scientific research that proved CMP’s position on sustainability and ownership was correct from the beginning. According to the finding, it is scientifically proved that “The sustainability of water supply services can be maximized by using the Community Managed Project implementation modality in rural water supply implementation. Dr Fekadu’s study examined the impact of project implementation management approaches on the sustainability outcomes of rural water services in Ethiopia. He compared the sustainability between community managed projects, local government managed projects, and charity and non-governmental organizations managed projects. The result showed the existence of a significant difference in most of the sustainability variables among project implementation management modalities under the study. As to the findings, the community-managed project approach generated a relatively higher and statistically significant sustainability outcome as compared to the others. Overall, the key findings suggest that, in addition to demand-driven interventions, if the communities are empowered with the management and decision-making role of constructing their own water points, the benefits of continuous delivery and sustainability of services can be maximized. The main contributing factor for the sustainability was the ownership. Strong ownership comes when the community takes the responsibility for construction, project management, procurement and operation and maintenance from the beginning to the end of the project. Government’s role is devolved to facilitation and capacity building only.

In addition to the above, Dr Fekadu has prepared two other interesting articles. One is dealing about the factors affecting the willingness to pay and the other about financial sustainability. Stay tuned to know more about these later on.

He also shared his publication and dissertation review experience for international PHD and Masters Students of the school which is featured on the university website. You can also read more about his experience sharing by visiting this web site:

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MHM Assessment

Ms Atti Muriricho, COWASH Intern from the University of Copenhagen, completed her assessment of menstrual hygiene management in Ethiopia and in COWASH. Please read the nice report from here:

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