COWASH Research

The CMP approach has been studied and analysed under several research projects including one PhD level research and three Master’s level research papers. The research papers are providing critical analysis and more in-depth information on impacts and challenges of CMP in order to further develop the practices and guidelines of CMP approach and support evidence based decision making. This section includes both academic research papers and more practical case studies on CMP. 



CMP vs WMP

CMP vs WMP by Beshah M behailu

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Case Studies

In order to capture the essence of the CMP approach, case studies ranging from end user's perspective to federal level processes will be published here.

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Selected research papers on CMP

A number of academic research papers and case studies have been produced on CMP. This article includes some selected papers presenting analysis on the development, evolution and impacts of CMP. 

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CMP research project

Research on the CMP approach needs to be promoted, and for this purpose the COWASH project together with the Tampere University of Technology's Department of Chemistry and Bioengineering initiated a CMP research project with financial support from the Finnish "Society of Soil and Water Technology". The project was launched in January and it includes studies by research students at doctorate, masters and bachelors levels to critically analyse the CMP approach.  

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The "ReCMP" research project is producing interesting results

The CMP related research project (ReCMP) supported by Maa- ja vesitekniikan tuki ry (the unofficial translation: the Finnish Society of Soil and Water Technology) was launched in the beginning of 2012. The project has progressed well and is producing interesting and useful results well ahead the original time schedule.

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The research theses on the Community Managed Project (CMP)

After the results of the three M.Sc. theses and the one B.Sc. thesis were presented in a research workshop in Addis Ababa in last October, all the theses have now been finalized and published for wider audience. According to the research results, the CMP approach seems to be as efficient as the project reports from Amhara and Benishangul-Gumuz have shown. However, all the researchers are proposing several improvements to be taken into account in the future development of the CMP approach. 

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Evolution of Community Managed Water Supply Projects (CMP) from 1994 to the 2010s in Ethiopia

The first article of the  PhD Candidate, Beshah M. Behailu and co-authors of Arto Suominen and Tapio Katko is approved to b published in Public Works Management & Policy Journal. 

The paper discusses the evolution of Community Managed Projects (CMP) along with the global community-based management of water supply and sanitation services since the 1960s and particularly the evolution of Ethiopian water resources development in the last century. The study was conducted with intensive reviews of journals, reports, project documents and discussions with the people involved in CMP implementation including many Ethiopian government officials. The paper presents the various development phases of the water and sanitation sector in Ethiopia together with national and global influences. Currently, in the 2010s, the CMP financing mechanisms and the national development of water supply and sanitation are more organized and integrated and are in the stage of scaling up. The recently agreed national water, sanitation and hygiene strategic framework is expected to have significant impacts on the rural water supply and sanitation development in Ethiopia. 

 

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Effective and Sustainable WASH Services, July 2015 in 38th WEDC conference

This case presents the development and scaling up of the Community Managed Project (CMP) approach. It is a rural WASH project implementation modality developed in Finland-Ethiopia bilateral projects. The approach was initiated in 2003 and in 2011 it was scaled-up to the national level where it is currently implemented in 76 districts in five regions. The key feature of CMP is the decentralization of the project’s financial and managerial accountability to community level. To date more than 10,000 schemes have been constructed with CMP. This paper describes how the approach works, its results, challenges and a number of lessons learned. CMP has achieved a great speed and efficiency of construction and high functionality of the schemes while some challenges remain in the area of trust on community’s capacity to manage the schemes. The next step will be scaling-up the approach to sector-wide implementation.   

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Other CMP and WASH related research

Other research carried out in Ethiopia which is related to the CMP are presented here.

 

 

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Training Impact Assessment of 2004 EFY trainings

COWASH Capacity Building Specialist with support from the HRD Specialist carried out Training Impact Assessment of COWASH trainings provided in 2004 EFY. The report is attached. Another research is planned to be conducted for 2005 EFY trainings. This is called Training Impact Research and it will be outsourced to a consultant company.

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